Children of Ludlow: Life in a Battle Zone, 1913–1914
What was life like for the children who lived at the Ludlow tent colony during the Colorado Coal Strike? Children of Ludlow, a new exhibit commemorating the hundredth anniversary of the Ludlow Massacre, presents the experiences of the children in this turbulent environment.
The exhibit is part of the statewide Ludlow Centennial Commemoration.
Exhibit presented by:
The Place (The Crossroads)
The main entrance to the galleries sets the physical environment of the region. Maps, photographs, and graphics are used to create a sense of the arid landscape.
The lifestyles of the early American Indian communities who first inhabited the region are explored through a rich collection of materials including maps, images and objects. Beaded garments, pouches, baskets and stonework are among the items featured.
Exploring the New Land
Spanish, French and American exploration of the area dominates this section. Artifacts include French and Spanish armor, weapons and maps of exploration, journal excerpts from Zebulon Pike’s exploration, and a survey compass from the American initiatives in the region.
Traders and Early Settlement
Artifacts and images of the fur trade era and the founding of El Pueblo are featured, including furs, hides, and the carved wooden grain chest owned by William Bent, founder of Bent’s Fort.
A City Grows
The founding of the city of Pueblo and its early industries of farming, ranching, and the beginning of the steel and mining operations are highlighted.
Steel City of the West
Pueblo is known as both the "Pittsburgh of the West" and the "Smelting Capital of the World." This section covers smelting and steel-making in Pueblo as the industry took off after 1881. Labor issues such as the 1914 Ludlow Massacre where Colorado National Guard troops opened fire on a tent camp of striking miners and their families are also highlighted.
Crossroads of Cultures
This section portrays the influx of tens of thousands of people to Pueblo in the first half of the twentieth century, as a result of CF&I operations in the region. Many of these workers and their families immigrated from other countries and settled with people from their home nations, creating various ethnic neighborhoods, many of which remain visible and active in Pueblo today.