Central City-Black Hawk Historic District
Off Colo. Hwy. 119, includes the commercial and residential areas of both communities
National Historic Landmark 7/4/1961, National Register 10/15/1966
Boundary Increase: 9/17/1991, 5GL.7
Were it not for the discovery of gold in 1859, there is hardly a more unlikely location for the establishment of a "boomtown" than the rugged and inhospitable terrain of the surrounding mountainsides. From a humble collection of mining camps, hard work brought good fortune and led to the construction of substantial brick and stone buildings. Most of the surviving buildings are vernacular in their design, although many include Italianate detailing. The property is associated with the Mining Industry in Colorado Multiple Property Submission.
Central City Opera House
National Register 1/18/1973, 5GL.8
Opened in March of 1878, the two-story Renaissance Revival style stone building is the oldest surviving and first permanent opera house in Colorado. It was built with funds raised by a citizens’ group interested in bringing cultural opportunities to the area, the Gilpin County Opera House Association. Between 1910 and 1927, the building functioned as a motion picture theater. Donated to the University of Denver in 1931, the building was restored by the Central City Opera House Association to serve as a venue for an ongoing summer opera program.
State Register 6/12/1996, 5GL.7.65
The 1887 Harvey House is the best surviving example of French Second Empire style architecture in Central City.
National Register 1/18/1973, 5GL.9
The Teller House was built by brothers Henry M. and Willard Teller during 1871-72. The four-story brick building was reported to be the largest and most elaborately furnished hotel located outside of Denver. It served as the gathering place for local society and visiting elite, including US President Grant who visited in 1873. Double hung windows are found on the three floors that contained sleeping rooms. Windows and doors on the first floor are set in round arches and include transoms. Portions of the building now house a museum, and the first floor bar with its well known "Face on the Barroom Floor" remains an attraction.
Winks Panorama is significant under Criterion A at the national level in the areas of Ethnic Heritage: Black and Social History as a historic African-American resort of the segregation era in the Rocky Mountain West for the period 1925 to 1965. The property retains the atmosphere of the peaceful mountain oasis that it once offered to African-American vacationers with few options for travel and leisure due to the restrictions of segregation. The Lodge is highly significant for what it can tell us about African-American life in the early twentieth century. Resistance to segregation and de facto status as second-class citizens took many forms, including the creation of African-American community enclaves such as Lincoln Hills, the setting of Winks Lodge. Winks Lodge is further significant at the national level in the area of Entertainment / Recreation for the period 1925-1965 as an exemplification of the efforts of early-twentieth-century African Americans to create their own opportunities for vacationing, recreation and leisure in response to their exclusion in Colorado from white-dominated venues under segregation. It is also noteworthy that the landmark federal Civil Rights legislation of 1964-65 greatly contributed to the obsolescence of Winks Lodge and other African-American resorts. Winks Panorama is further locally significant under Criterion C in the area of Architecture for 1925, the year of its construction, as a vernacular expression of Craftsman design principles, through 1928, when the building was substantially complete. Finally, Winks Panorama is locally significant under Criterion D in the area of Non-Aboriginal Historic Archaeology from 1925, the year of its construction, through 1965, for its potential to yield information important to history due to buried deposits.
The Lodge at Los Lagos
State Register 3/12/2003, 5BL.9111 / 5GL.1411
The 1902 Lodge at Los Lagos Ranch is a rare example of a two-story Rustic style summer dwelling. While log cabins dotted the Colorado mountains, two-story log dwellings with amenities such as electricity, a Tiffany and Co. stained glass chandelier, and diamond paned windows were unusual. The main building retains nearly all of its original design and materials, both exterior and interior, and includes multiple intact log outbuildings such as a playhouse, a privy, and a barn.
Rollinsville & Middle Park Wagon Road - Denver Northwestern & Pacific Railway Hill Route Historic District / Moffat Road
Rollinsville to Winter Park
National Register 9/30/1980; Boundary Increase: National Register 9/23/1997, 5GL.10 / 5BL.370 / 5GA.82
David H. Moffat, one of the most important financiers and industrialists in late 19th and early 20th century Colorado, was associated with the Denver, Northwestern and Pacific Railway which brought the first rail service over the Continental Divide from Denver to Middle Park. Utilizing the 19th century Rollinsville and Middle Park Wagon Road, construction on the railbed over Rollins Pass began in 1903. Trains continued to battle the steep grades and fierce winter storms until the 1928 completion of the Moffat Tunnel eliminated the need for the route. Listed under Railroads in Colorado, 1858-1948 Multiple Property Submission.
Independent Order of Odd Fellows (I O O F) Hall #41-Wagner & Askew
National Register 12/15/2011, 5GL.125
The Russell Gulch Independent Order of Odd Fellows (I O O F) Hall (#41) building is significant for social history for its long association with the I O O F Lodge #41 providing an important social venue to interact with other miners and members and to receive assistance from their fellow members in times of need. The 1895 building's second floor provided a meeting place for the Russell Gulch I O O F Lodge members and a community-meeting place for fifty years. As an investment opportunity, the I O O F leased the lower section of the building for Wagner & Askew, a retail business with a post office and therefore significant for commerce and politics and government. Additionally, the two-story stone and brick building is architecturally significant as an excellent intact example of a Late 19th and Early 20th Century Revival style building. Character-defining features of the style found on the building include cast iron pilasters, a double recessed entry, transomed windows and doors, multiple-pane display windows, and decorative brickwork.