The Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation can provide assistance to owners and stewards of historic properties that have been affected by the recent floods, including guidance on Section 106 compliance for damaged historic properties. Additionally, the State Historical Fund offers small grants of up to $10,000 for owners of historically designated properties damaged by acts of nature.
State Historical Fund Emergency Grants
These grants are awarded for emergency stabilization to protect the affected building(s) from further damage until more permanent preservation work can be completed. Learn more about SHF Emergency Grants.
Other Funding Resources
FEMA Federal Disaster Declarations. This website has information about which counties are included in designated disaster areas and are therefore eligible for federal disaster assistance.
The National Trust for Historic Preservation provides Treatment of Flood-Damaged Older & Historic Buildings. It discusses cleaning out mud, foundation problems, caring for wet plaster, treatment for saturated wood framed walls and floors and treatment for historic wallpapers and interior finishes.
The Minnesota Historical Society shares salvage procedures for a wide variety of materials, including textiles, photographs, wooden objects, leather, paintings and paper.
A free, online video guide demonstrating how to rescue soaked photographs, books, documents, and other valued items is available from Heritage Preservation. This 10-minute streaming video provides professional advice that benefits families as well as museum and library staff.
The Office of Archaeology & Historic Preservation has the directory listings of many National and State Register properties available as files that can be viewed in Google Earth or incorporated in GIS. Although not all counties have been posted yet we are working hard to add any counties that have been affected by the floods. If you need information about counties that are not currently listed please either visit the web site listings pages or contact our office.
Connect with preservationists and archaeologists through the new Preserve Colorado Network (PCN). Start discussions, weigh in on preservation topics, expand your partnerships, and swap techniques and ideas. PCN is your opportunity to share the story of your town or organization. What are your challenges? Pick the brains of preservationists around the state for creative solutions. What are your innovations? Teach others what you've discovered.
The Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation (OAHP) houses a collection of documents that include historic context information covering various neighborhoods, municipalities and regions across Colorado. These are available in the form of survey reports, historic contexts, Multiple Property Documentation Forms (MPDF), survey plans, and, in some cases, design guidelines. OAHP is engaged in an ongoing effort to make this information available online and this page offers access to the documents currently available in a digital format. Documents are organized by county, with those covering multi-county areas or regions listed in the statewide section below.
OAHP welcomes digital submissions of context documents not currently listed on this page. If you have a document that you believe should be added to this page, please contact Astrid Liverman at firstname.lastname@example.org
1.c) near Pleasant View
2.c) AD 650-1250
3.b) Habitation Site
The Puzzle House is one of four major habitation sites located in the Puzzle House Archaeological District. The district also contains three pre-Columbian road segments and numerous other sites, features, and artifacts all representing a residential community associated with adjacent Lowry Pueblo, a great house complex that shows evidence of influence or alliance with the large Chacoan centers to the south. The sites are significant as they represent Basketmaker III through early Pueblo III (AD 650-1250) exploration, settlement, and community planning and development located within the central Mesa Verde region.
Based on tree-ring cutting dates, archaeomagnetic dates, and ceramic types, the Puzzle House District belongs to the Northern San Juan branch of the Ancestral Puebloan (previously referred to as the “Anasazi”) cultural tradition, linked historically and culturally to modern Pueblo Indian peoples of Arizona and New Mexico. The Puzzle House site includes a pitstructure with antechamber, a masonry roomblock with four rooms, two masonry kivas, and a tunnel connecting the western roomblock to the kivas. The inhabitants constructed the site from locally quarried sandstone using local clay soils for mortar.
Researchers found that primary sites within the district were used for dry farming with plots cleared for agriculture along with fallow fields with some natural vegetation. Construction nearly ceased between AD 1140 and 1180 likely due to a regional drought and a depletion of the northern San Juan woodland area. Evidence revealed that between AD 1150 and 1225, an increase in settlement clustering occurred, where several individual roomblock-kiva complexes were grouped together. Puzzle House District residents abandoned these homes circa mid-thirteenth century, moving to more aggregated sites requiring less maintenance.
The Puzzle House District was listed in the State Register in 2008. The site has excellent potential of yielding important information to our understanding of Southwestern prehistory.
In 1887 Albert N. Corliss (known to friends and family as A.N.) left Vermont at the age of 23 to start a new life in Colorado. By 1892 he had married Lillian May Yale and three years later took up a homestead on the Republican River in Kit Carson County. The area was known as Tuttle and had artesian wells, the South Fork of the Republican River, and several natural lakes on the property. (read more...)
In February 1911 Albert Anderson was one of the last open range cowboys when he bought 640 acres of Sedgwick County land that the previous owner had purchased from the Union Pacific Railroad. Here he and wife Ruth began to farm and ranch before selling the land to Albert’s brother Benjamin in 1919, only to buy it back in 1926. (read more...)
In 1886 George and Ann Poe and their four children homesteaded on the Frenchman Creek 6 miles east of Holyoke, Phillips County. 1894 was very dry, and the crops wouldn’t grow so they turned the cattle loose, pulled up stakes, and drifted with the cattle into the sand hills 4 miles southeast of the original place. (read more...)
Theodore and Francis Greenwood settled on 160 Kit Carson County acres in 1908 and received their patent a few years later. The tax in 1909 was $11.40 and was made in two payments. Much of the land was left in native grass, but the rest was put to use growing ha and livestock feed, as well as raising horses, sheep, and cattle. (read more...)
At over one hundred years old, Hogan Ranch, located on County Road J in Kit Carson County, was settled in 1899 by James Hogan and his wife Rosa. The Homestead Certificate was received on December 1, 1905. Upon James’ death in 1945, George, the third of his six children, and George’s wife Beulah took over operation before purchasing the ranch in 1964 from the estate of Rosa. (read more...)
The original 320 acres of Moffat County land were homesteaded in 1911 by Olive and George Boughton. In 1917 the ranch grew by 320 acres when the homestead of Tom Allen, who Olive married after George had died, was added. Additional acres were added over time, including in 1969 when John Allen was able to buy back 1300 acres which had been lost by the family to the Federal Land Bank during the 1930s. (read more...)
Fred Magnuson purchased 98 acres in Weld County in 1910 from John and Christina Smillie who had homesteaded under the Timber Culture Act. Fred and his wife Josephine were already farming and residing on another nearby farm. They paid $15,000 for their new place, though they never actually lived on it. (read more...)
Guy L. Porter came to Washington County from Nebraska and claimed a one-half section of land under the Homestead Act. He proved up and received a patent on the property in 1912. Two years later he married Ida Richards of New York and the couple had five daughters and one son. In the early years the Porters milked cows and raised pigs. (read more...)
Royal Richardson came to America from Durham County, England, in the late 1800s with his mother, father, two brothers, and a sister. The family sent their money ahead to Missouri, where it was swindled away from them so they lived in a chicken coop for a few years in Nodaway County, Missouri. (read more...)
James Fort received the patent to 160 Montrose County acres on June 2, 1910. Another 40 acres was added later. Crops have included alfalfa, wheat, oats, and garden vegetables. Irrigation water from Tabeguache Creek runs through the property. Deer, elk, turkeys, mountain lions, coyotes, prairie dogs, and rabbits are commonly seen. (read more...)
Settled in 1910; located in Nucla/Montrose County.
James Fort received the patent to 160 Montrose County acres on June 2, 1910. Another 40 acres was added later. Crops have included alfalfa, wheat, oats, and garden vegetables. Irrigation water from Tabeguache Creek runs through the property. Deer, elk, turkeys, mountain lions, coyotes, prairie dogs, and rabbits are commonly seen. Charles and Nita Marie Templeton bought the farm from her father, James Fort, in September 1910, and the ranch has been in the Templeton name ever since. Currently the farm is hay and pastureland and held by Violet Marie Templeton and her children Mark Edward Templeton and Susan Marie Rutherford. Mark does most of the work on the ranch with some help from the rest of the family. He lives on the ranch part-time. The Rocking-Reverse E- Connected K brand has been associated with the Ranch.