The Carpenter Gothic applies the Gothic Revival style to wood-framed and sided buildings. The picturesque and decorative style is evident on both churches and houses. These structures generally feature board and batten siding, decorative bargeboards, pointed-arched windows, and a steeply pitched roof.
Following the advice of contemporary landscape architect and author of Andrew J. Downing, the picturesque Gothic Cottage displays board and batten or clapboard siding, pointed-arched windows, a steeply pitched roof, and some "gingerbread" decoration. Its chief characteristics are a steep central gable and a one-story veranda.