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Bromide Charcoal Kilns
In the 1890s, the Bromide Mining and Milling Company determined that it was too expensive to move the area’s copper resources by freight without smelting them down first.
In 1898, the company built a smelter facility with a massive blast furnace for this very purpose. Beehive-style charcoal kilns made of local sandstone were built nearby to source charcoal for the furnace. These ovens remained in full service through 1900 when the price of copper plummeted, and saw limited use through the First World War. Although the buildings of the facility are no longer present, the kilns remain standing—and are in fact the most intact kilns in the state. However, there is evidence that the kilns are deteriorating. The Museum of Northwest Colorado is using an SHF grant to evaluate and document the deteriorating condition of the ovens, and will work with the SHF to plan for the necessary preservation work to keep the kilns standing for years to come.