The State Archaeologist's duties and responsibilities include the investigation of impacts to archaeological resources and response to questions for technical and administrative assistance.
The staff also provides guidance relating to the identification, documentation, and protection of archaeological resources. These responsibilities are enumerated in state rather than in federal statutes and include the issuance of permits for archaeological and paleontological work on nonfederal lands in the state. Under state law, the State Archaeologist responds to the discovery of unmarked human burials. The staff works with citizens to resolve potentially conflicting concerns between development, scientific research, and respectful treatment.