Children of Ludlow
Life in a Battlezone, 1913-1914
Part 1: Coalworkers' Strike
In September 1913, southern Colorado coal miners went on strike. In response, Colorado coal companies expelled the mining families from their company-owned homes. Families slogged through the rain and mud to the open prairie, where they occupied makeshift canvas cities. Thousands of children lived in tent colonies—like this one at Ludlow. With their families, the children endured long months, deep snow and daily terror.
On the morning of April 20, 1914, the Ludlow tent colony erupted in deadly combat. By the end of the battle—in a tragedy soon known as the Ludlow Massacre- families mourned the deaths of miners, women, and children.