The history of federal Indian education policy is deep and troubling. For 250 years the United States has used education to assimilate Native children and deny them access to their heritage, their culture, and their families. The resources below all explore various aspects of that history and some of the research efforts in Colorado.
While these resources attempt to expand far and wide, it is not exhaustive. It is also dynamic and we will continue to add as new resources are revealed and created.
We hope you will use these materials for yourself, to build community conversations, in classrooms, for teachers and mentors, and to guide how we think about this important history. To help access these materials, please visit our Research Center Wednesday - Saturday, 10:00 A.M. - 3:00 P.M. for a dedicated Reading Room space or visit the links below.
On May 24, 2022, the Federal Indian Boarding School Research Program Act (HB 22-1327) was signed into law by Governor Jared Polis. HB 22-1327 directed History Colorado to investigate the lived experiences of students at the one-time federal Native American boarding school in Hesperus, Colorado, also referred to as the Fort Lewis Indian Boarding School; as well as to identify potential burial places of students who perished while attending the school.
National Cooperative Highway Research Program | 2018 NCHRP 25-25, Task 98: Practical Guide for Developing Effective Scopes of Work for the Geophysical Investigation of Cemeteries. Manuscript prepared by WSP, Inc., and New South Associates, Inc., for the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Standing Committee on the Environment, Washington, D.C.
Small, Marsha, Farina King, and Preston McBride | 2021 Native American and Indigenous Protocols for Surveying Indian Boarding School Burial Sites. Unpublished manuscript.